Last Updated: 01 November 2021
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Power Quality in Mali
Mali, a landlocked country in West Africa, has one of the lowest rates of electrification in the world, with only about half of the population having access to electricity. Despite efforts by the government and international organisations to expand access to electricity, the reliability of the electricity supply network in Mali remains a significant challenge, with frequent power outages and voltage fluctuations/brownouts.
Power Sector in Mali
Mali’s electricity supply network is primarily powered by hydroelectric power, with a few small-scale diesel generators also in use. The majority of the country’s electricity generation comes from the Sotuba and Markala hydroelectric power plants, with smaller plants located in other parts of the country. The state-owned company, Energie du Mali (EDM), is responsible for generating, transmitting, and distributing electricity in the country.
Despite efforts to expand access to electricity, the electricity supply network in Mali remains unreliable, with frequent power outages and load shedding experienced in many parts of the country. This is due to several factors, including inadequate infrastructure, poor maintenance of power plants and transmission and distribution lines, and limited fuel supplies for backup power sources.
The reliability of the electricity supply network in Mali is particularly poor in rural areas, where access to electricity is limited and power outages are more frequent. The government of Mali is aware of the challenges facing the country’s electricity sector and has developed several policies and initiatives to address them. These include investments in new power plants, upgrading existing infrastructure, and increasing access to renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power.
One of the major projects recently completed in Mali is the construction of the 140 MW Gouina Hydroelectric plant. Additionally, the government of Mali is investing in expanding the transmission and distribution network to reach more rural areas and improve the network’s reliability.
In conclusion, the state of the electricity supply network in Mali is still underdeveloped, with significant challenges that need to be addressed. The government and private sector must work together to develop new energy projects, improve the efficiency of the existing network, and increase the availability of affordable and reliable electricity to the people of Mali. With sustained investment and government support, the network’s reliability can be improved, and access to electricity can be expanded to more people nationwide.
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