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Voltage in Pakistan

Last Updated: 01 November 2021


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Power Quality in Pakistan

Pakistan has a large population of over 220 million people, and the electricity demand is constantly increasing. The electricity supply network in Pakistan is operated by the National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC), which is responsible for the transmission and dispatch of electricity throughout the country. Electricity distribution companies (DISCOs) are responsible for distributing electricity to consumers.

The state of the electricity supply network in Pakistan has been a significant concern for the government and the public. The country faces frequent power outages and voltage fluctuations, significantly impacting daily life and economic activities. The main reasons for these outages are insufficient generation capacity, transmission and distribution losses, and outdated power infrastructure.

Power Sector in Pakistan

The electricity generation capacity in Pakistan is primarily based on thermal and hydropower sources. However, the country faces a fuel supply shortage for thermal power plants, leading to a decline in capacity utilization. The hydropower plants are also affected by water shortages and insufficient maintenance, resulting in decreased power output. The government is increasing capacity by adding new power plants and diversifying the energy mix with renewable sources.

The transmission and distribution losses in Pakistan’s electricity supply network are also significant, which is attributed to the outdated power infrastructure, poor maintenance, and theft. These losses account for around 18% of the total electricity generated, leading to a decrease in the revenue of the DISCOs and a burden on the consumers. The government has launched several initiatives to reduce these losses, including installing smart meters, replacing old transformers, and cracking down on power theft.

The reliability of the electricity supply network in Pakistan is also affected by the seasonal variations in demand. The peak load during the summer months leads to frequent power outages, voltage fluctuations and load shedding. The government has implemented a load management system to balance the demand and supply, but the system is not foolproof and can lead to power irregularities.

Despite the challenges, the government of Pakistan is making efforts to improve the state of the electricity supply network. The government has launched several initiatives, including the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which includes several energy projects, such as constructing new power plants and transmission lines. The government is also promoting renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, to diversify the energy mix and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.


In conclusion, the state of the electricity supply network in Pakistan is a major concern for the government and the public. The country faces challenges related to insufficient generation capacity, transmission and distribution losses, and outdated infrastructure. However, the government is taking measures to address these challenges and improve the reliability of the electricity supply network.

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All mains powered equipment requires a supply which is maintained within certain limits. Too low and the equipment will malfunction, too high and the equipment could be serious damaged. In many developed and developing economies, power demand is outstripping supply, giving rise to large voltage swings, surges and brownouts in the supply.

Whatever your national or international power supply requirements, Sinalda (UK) can ensure your equipment receives the power it needs to operate efficiently and without interruption. To learn more about Sinalda (UK) and  the power protection solutions we offer please check-out the links below:

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